Monday, January 28, 2013

Xian, Xinghai (冼星海)

Xinghai Xian(1905-1945), Chinese composer, studied at the Lingnan University, National Music Institute of Peking University, and Shanghai National Music Conservatory. In 1929 he went to Paris and studied at the Paris Conservatory with Vincent D'Indy and Paul Dukas. In 1938 he became dean of the Music Department at Lu Xun Institute of Arts in Yun'an. His best known work is "Yellow River Cantata" upon which the Yellow River Piano Concerto is based. He composed 2 symphonies, a violin concerto and choral works.

Xiao, Youmei(蕭友梅)

Youmei Xiao(1884-1940), Chinese music educator and composer, he studied in Japan, studying pedagogy, piano, and voice. Then he continued to study at Leipzig University. Returning to China, in 1927 he founded the National College for Music in Shanghai(in 1949 it was renamed the Shanghai Conservatory). He served as the president of the institute until his death in 1940.

Yaremchuk, Nazariy

Nazariy Yaremchuk(1951-1995), Ukrainian engineer and singer. In 1963 he began to sing in Smerichka along with singer Sofia Rotaru. He was working as the head engineer at the chair of economical geography of the Chernivtsi University. However love of music seemed stronger than all, he moved to a philharmonic group, in which he worked till the end of his life.

Young, Selwyn Walford

Selwyn Walford Young(1898-1977), Belizean musician and composer, he composed the national anthem of Belize "Land of the Free" accompanying lyrics written by Samuel Haynes.

Youskevitch, Igor

Igor Youskevitch(1912-1994), Russian-Ukrainian ballet dancer and choreographer, educated in engineering at Belgrade, but studied ballet in Paris and Belgrade. Later rapidly he became one of the greatest ballet male dancers of the 20th century, as a master of classic style and as a dance partner of Alicia Alonso, a famed Cuban ballerina.

Ysaye, Eugene

Eugene Ysaye(1858-1931), Belgian violinist and composer, began his violin lesson from his father, then with Wieniawski and Vieuxtemps, taught at the Brussels Conservatory, toured Europe, Russia and US as a violin virtuoso. In 1886 he established the Ysaye Quartet. In 1951 an International Violin Competition in Brussels was created for his memory, this became the violin section of the Queen Elizabeth Music Competition which takes place once every 4 years. He composed violin concertos and violin solo pieces.

Yupanqui, Atahualpa

Atahualpa Yupanqui(1908-1992), Argentine singer, songwriter, guitarist and writer, he is considered the most important Argentine folk musician of the 20th century.

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Zajc, Ivan

Ivan Zajc(1832-1914), Croatian composer, conductor and teacher, he studied at the Milan Conservatory, conducted the Town Theater Orchestra. He dominated Croatia's musical culture for over 40 years. Through his artistic and institutional reform efforts, he is credited with its revitalization and refinement, paving the way for new and significant Croatian musical achievements in the 20th century.

Zakaryan, Lusine

Lusine(Svetlana) Zakaryan(1937-1992), Armenian soprano. She studied at the Yerevan State Musical Conservatory in 1957 and her singing talent soon became clear. From 1970 to 1983 she was a soloist with the symphony orchestra of Armenian TV and Radio. She was also known for singing the international opera repertoire as well as Armenian traditional and church music.

Zamfir, Gheorghe

Gheorghe Zamfir(1941- ), Romanian pan flute musician. He is known for playing an expanded version of the traditional Romanian-style pan flute(nai) of 20, pipes to 22, 25, 28 and 30 pipes to increase the range.

Zander, Benjamin

Benjamin Zander(1939- ), American conductor, studied cello from early age, then studied at the State Academy of Cologne and University College London. In 1967 he joined the faculty of the New England Conservatory. In 1979 he was appointed as the music director and conductor of the Boston Philharmonic Orchestra. He is known for his interpretation of the works of Gustav Mahler and his pre-concert lecture.

Zandonai, Riccardo

Riccardo Zandonai(1883-1944), Italian composer, studied at the Pesaro Conservatory with Mascagni. In 1935 he became the director of the Rossini Conservatory in his hometown Pesaro. He composed operas, sacred music and orchestral works. His best known opera is "Francesca da Rimini", a free adaptation of a tragedy from Dante's "Inferno".

Zanelli, Renato

Renato Zanelli(1892-1935), Chilean operatic baritone and later tenor, studied in Santiago, made his debut in 1916, his NY debut in 1919, then he remained there until 1923, sang most of the major baritone roles of Italian operas. He sang in London, Turin, and La Scala. He was particularly associated with heroic Italian and German roles, notably Verdi's Otello.

Zarembski, Jules de

Jules de Zarembski(1854-1885), Polish pianist and composer, he was highly praised by Liszt, a concert pianist and professor of Brussels Conservatory. He composed piano pieces - Lullaby, Grande Polonaise, Tarantelle, Valse etc.

Zavadsky, Mikhail

Mikhail Adamovich Zavadsky(1827-1887), Ukrainian composer and pianist. He was very popular in Ukraine with his songs. He composed one opera(Maria), several piano pieces, Ukrainian folk songs and Polish folk songs.

Zeller, Carl

Carl Zeller(1842-1898), Austrian composer of operetta, studied law at the University of Vienna, but took music lesson privately, received a doctorate degree in law from University of Graz, served in the Austrian Education and Culture. He composed 7 operettas. * The stamp(left one) shows a character from his operetta "Der Vogelhandler".

Zelter, Carl Friederich

Carl Friederich Zelter(1758-1832), German composer, conductor and teacher of music. His pupils were Felix Mendelssohn, Giacomo Meyerbeer, and Henrich Dorn. He composed about 200 lieders, as well as cantatas, a violin concerto and piano music, settings of Goethe's poems.

Zhelobinsky, Valery

Valery Zhelobinsky(1913-1946), Russian composer and pianist. He studied music firstly at Tambov and then from 1928 to 1932 at the Leningrad Conservatory. He performed across the Soviet Union as a soloist. He returned to Tambov in 1942 and taught at the College of Music. He composed 4 operas, 6 symphonies, 3 piano concertos, and a poem for violin and orchestra.

Zhinovich, Iosif

Iosif Iosifovich Zhinovich(1907- ), Russian conductor and composer, People's Artist of the USSR(1968). In 1930 he graduated from the Byelorusian University, and in 1941 from the Byelorusian Conservatory. He was chief conductor of the State Folk Orchestra of Byelorusian SSR, and later taught at the Byelorusian Conservatory. he composed 3 operas, and arrangements for folk music. He was awarded three orders and various medals.

Zhubanov, Akhmet

Akhmet Zhubanov(1906-1968), Kazakhstan composer, was closely associated with the development and organization of professional music in the written tradition in Kazakhstan. He was the first Kazakh composer to write opera, vocal compositions and chamber music. He was also the first musician to adapt traditional music to western style. He founded the Kazakh National Orchestra. He composed opera, choral music, and film scores.

Ziehrer, Karl Michael

Karl Michael Ziehrer(1842-1922), Austrian composer of operetta and dance music. In his life time, he was one of the fiercest rivals of Strauss family, especially Johann Strauss Jr. and Edward Strauss. Ziehrer was known as a military bandmaster and was invited to perform at the World Exhibition in Chicago in 1893. He toured 41 German cities. He composed mainly operettas.

Zinnen, Jean Antonie

Jean Antoine Zinnen(1827-1898), Luxembourgian conductor and composer, he was a bandsman in the First battalion, he conducted various music groups and was a director of a School of Music. He is best known as a composer of the national anthem of Luxembourg.

Zitarrosa, Alfredo

Alfredo Zitarrosa(1936-1989), Uruguayan singer, composer, poet and writer. He is regarded as one of the most important figures in the popular music of his country and Latin America in general.

Zwyssig, Alberich

Alberich Zwyssig(1808-1854), Swiss priest and composer, a choir boy and pupil in the monastery school, and later as a monk and priest. He was also a teacher, secretary to the abbot and choirmaster. In 1841 he composed the Swiss Psalm, the present Swiss national anthem.